Its sad to say that in today’s world how Black history is being shown to today’s youth with so much information not being taught where it comes across as a way to leave disturbing actions by others hidden. True there’s no secret that African Americans’history didn’t start in a positive light. There were so many tragic actions from different forms of killings to rapes and any rights being taken away because of the color of their skin. In today’s time we still see people being smuggled to different countries and we were ones as well back in those horrific times. True we have movies and books to help fill in the gaps that schools choose not to teach but as with any History I believe ALL history needs to be known not just the ones you can stomach but also the parts we can’t.
It’s tragic to know that I know adults and children who don’t know about Emmet Till and how this child’s death helped the fight for civil rights in america. So I see everyday the importance of keeping African American history narrative alive and most important accurate for future generations to understand the fighting spirit that continues to this day and why. To understand why it’s difficult for what we should have and that’s the rights ancestors died for but yet isn’t given to us still unless you fight for it even in today’s world. I hope someone gets a better understanding or a refresher from this post and the motivation for themselves to look deeper than what a classroom tells about a culture that is rich in history and why it is in many forms still feared.
“The first example we have of Africans being taken against their will and put on board European ships would take the story back to 1441,” says Guasco, when the Portuguese captured 12 Africans in Cabo Branco—modern-day Mauritania in north Africa—and brought them to Portugal as enslaved peoples. Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States and provides that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States,
in 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring “all persons held as slaves… shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free,” effective January 1, 1863. It was not until the ratification of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, in 1865, that slavery was formally abolished ( here ).
Sometime in 1619, a Portuguese slave ship, the São João Bautista, traveled across the Atlantic Ocean with a hull filled with human cargo: captive Africans from Angola, in southwestern Africa. The men, women and children, most likely from the kingdoms of Ndongo and Kongo, endured the horrific journey, bound for a life of enslavement in Mexico. Almost half the captives had died by the time the ship was seized by two English pirate ships; the remaining Africans were taken to Point Comfort, a port near Jamestown, the capital of the English colony of Virginia, which the Virginia Company of London had established 12 years earlier. The colonist John Rolfe wrote to Sir Edwin Sandys, of the Virginia Company, that in August 1619, a “Dutch man of war” arrived in the colony and “brought not anything but 20 and odd Negroes, which the governor and cape merchant bought for victuals.” The Africans were most likely put to work in the tobacco fields that had recently been established in the area.
Forced labor was not uncommon — Africans and Europeans had been trading goods and people across the Mediterranean for centuries — but enslavement had not been based on race. The trans-Atlantic slave trade, which began as early as the 15th century, introduced a system of slavery that was commercialized, racialized and inherited. Enslaved people were seen not as people at all but as commodities to be bought, sold and exploited. Though people of African descent — free and enslaved — were present in North America as early as the 1500s, the sale of the “20 and odd” African people set the course for what would become slavery in the United States.